Outdoor environmental monitoring is the collection of measurements from the physical world that determine the status and trends of environmental conditions. It is critical to the protection of human and animal health, environmental sustainability, and policy development. Outdoor environmental monitoring systems use sensors and low power wide area networking technologies to collect information about the environment related to parameters such as air and water quality, soil conditions, forest conditions, natural disaster warnings, fisheries, and water and snowfall levels. Most systems will also include data analysis and visualization tools to generate insights on the data collected. Some systems may include alerts or notifications based on the tolerance levels of each parameter measured.
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