Leakage and flood monitoring systems consist of ultra-low-power sensor nodes designed for use in rugged environments or hard-to-access locations and may also include a data aggregation and modelling platform. They are used to detect the presence of water and to estimate damage to the water supply infrastructure and potential risks to public health or the environmental. Local water leaks typically go undetected or are responded to only after the event. And the scale of floods is often not understood until significant damage has occured. IoT enables identification of the presence, volume, and flow rate of water to improve control over water resources data, thus allowing efficient management of water utilities, and more rapid response of infrastructure managers. Smart water management systems can make a fast and significant improvement to the cost and reliability of water supplies, especially in urban areas and in agriculture.
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