|Traditional transport systems have the potential to be completely transformed using information and communication technology (ICT) and data analytics, in order to achieve safe, innovative, energy and cost-efficient transportation systems leading to the so-called intelligent transport systems (ITS). ITS consists of many subsystems, such as area traffic control, traffic surveillance, electronic parking, traffic information systems, to name few.
The core building block of any ITS system is imaging the real world scene using a variety of possible means including a camera (widely available in ITS) and/or Radar as well as LED sensors. Improved detection and recognition of non-vehicular objects and beings require new evasive actions to be taken depending on the criticality of avoidance. Transportation connectivity includes vehicle-to-vehicle communication (V2V), vehicle-to-infrastructure communication (V2I), infrastructure to-vehicle (I2V), as well as vehicle-to-device communication (V2D).
Based on coverage area, there are two kinds of communication systems: (i) long-range communication and (ii) short range communication. Long-range communication systems include, for example, cellular networks such as 3G and LTE/LTE-A in addition to satellite digital audio radio service (SDARS). Various short range RF wireless communication technologies have been applied in the past and these include Bluetooth, Ultra-Wideband (UWB), in addition to dedicated short range communication (DSRC)
Benefits: Higher user efficiency (can work instead of driving), safer
-Health & Safety/Litigation safeguard
Key Vendors: Google, Mercedes-Benz, Delphi Automotive, Nissan, Audi