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Automatic Meter Reading (AMR)

Automatic Meter Reading (AMR)
Automatic Meter Reading (AMR)
Automatic Meter Reading (AMR)
Automatic Meter Reading (AMR)
Automatic Meter Reading (AMR)
Automatic Meter Reading (AMR)
Automatic Meter Reading (AMR)
Automatic Meter Reading (AMR)
Automatic Meter Reading (AMR)
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DESCRIPTION
The technology of automatically collecting consumption, diagnostic, and status data from water meter or energy metering devices (gas, electric) and transferring that data to a central database for billing, troubleshooting, and data analysis.
Automatic meter reading (AMR) capabilities increase billing accuracy and enable companies to better manage utility water usage. AMR systems consists of small, low-power radio transmitters connected to individual meters that send daily readings to a network of receivers. AMR eliminates the need for meter reading personnel to manually check readers and provides timely data from remote locations.

Data visualization is generally performed on a daily, weekly, monthly, and yearly basis. AMR is an older technology that is being gradually replaced by Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI).

Benefits of advanced metering:
Advanced metering systems can provide benefits for utilities, retail providers and customers. Benefits will be recognized by the utilities with increased efficiencies, outage detection, tamper notification and reduced labor cost as a result of automating reads, connections and disconnects. Retail providers will be able to offer new innovative products in addition to customizing packages for their customers. In addition, with the meter data being readily available, more flexible billing cycles would be available to their customers instead of following the standard utility read cycles. With timely usage information available to the customer, benefits will be seen through opportunities to manage their energy consumption and change from one REP to another with actual meter data. Because of these benefits, many utilities are moving towards implementing some types of AMR solutions.

In many cases, Smart Metering is required by law, with Pennsylvania's Act 129 (2008) an example.

The benefits of smart metering for the utility:
- Accurate meter reading, no more estimates
- Improved billing
- Accurate profile classes and measurement classes, true costs applied
- Improved security and tamper detection for equipment
- Energy management through profile data graphs
- Less financial burden correcting mistakes
- Less accrued expenditure
- Transparency of “cost to read” metering
- Improved procurement power though more accurate data - “de-risking” price
- In cases of shortages, utility will be able to manage/allocate supply.

The benefits of smart metering for the customer:
- Improved billing and tacking of usage.

Disadvantages of advanced metering:
- Utility can control amount allocated to users.
- Utility can remotely shut off users.
- Loss of privacy - details of use reveal information about user activities
- Greater potential for monitoring by other/unauthorized third parties
- Reduced reliability (more complicated meters, more potential for interference by third parties)
- Increased security risks from network or remote access

Key vendors: Elster Group, Itron, Kamstrup
MARKET SIZE
$4.4 billion (2016, US, Automatic Meter Reading)
Source: Freedonia Group

Details: http://www.freedoniagroup.com/Smart-Meters.html
$20.0 billion (2020, Global, Smart Electricity Meters)
Source: U.S. International Trade Commission

Details: http://www.usitc.gov/publications/332/id-037smart_meters_final.pdf
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